Working in Civil Engineering field for several years, we at (Tridsinfra) take care of all the aspects it encompasses. From documentation to legalization and construction, we take care of it all. A construction contractual agreement is written between the contractor and the property owner which specifies the type of construction, renovations, alterations, and other works that need to be done on the property owner’s land. Moreover, this agreement copy reveals the cost to be paid, an advance amount, the rights and mutual concerns between the party and the owner, registration date, starting and ending date, and others.
Our Civil Engineering sector covers different kinds of services accomplishing structural to infrastructural requirements for residential and non-residential establishments.
Building High Rise:
High-Rise building, otherwise known as high-rise or multistory tall building makes use of the vertical transportation system called elevators. As of now, a skyscraper is the very high tallest building. They are built by using steel structural frames and a glass exterior sheathing cover. The foundation of any high-rise building must support heavy load sometimes. They usually consist of concrete piers, piles or caissons buried onto the ground. Every high-rise building has to withstand natural calamities like earthquakes and others. The frames used in high-rise buildings are made up of steel and concrete substances.
The principle used in High-Rise Buildings:
In a high-rise building, vertical transportation is supported through an elevator. It is operated by an electric motor that eventually raises or lowers the cabs through a wire or rope. The elevator cabs engaged to the vertical guide tracks provide power for lighting, door operation, and for a signal transmission works.
Residential and Non-Residential Construction works:
Residential work somewhat differs from non-residential works in terms of its cost, materials, types of machinery used, and others. On the whole, it covers the construction, renovation, and restoration work of any building work. Some of the residential and non-residential buildings are:
• Single dwelling units
• Multi-dwelling buildings and
• A residential building for a specific purpose.
• Hotel Trade buildings
• Administrative and other office building works
• Commercial and industrial buildings
• Buildings meant for traffic and better performance of the electrical communications
• Buildings, workshops, storage facilities, and others
• General social works like cinema, museum, school, library, hospitals, sports hall and others
• Agricultural and religious buildings
For highway crossing platforms, it includes civil engineering discipline that shows a perfect plan, design, construction, operation, and maintenance required at both the ends of roads, bridges, and any tunnels.
Plan and Development:
Highway planning and development estimate the current and future traffic flow on a road network. Highway engineers generally used to predict and analyze the impacts of any highway systems. The highway planning system also has effects on the environmental factors of noise, air, water pollution, and so on.
Other considerations for a highway crossing construction work:
• Railroad traffic density
• Highway traffic density
• The permanent way to construct a high road
• Subsoil and drainage conditions
• Change in track design
• The annual cost of the crossing works.
The street lighting construction work takes place only when the design and execution of lighting procedures match to the municipal corporation of the city in India. The Environmental construction standards and specifications will be followed during the roadway lighting functions, setting poles and luminaries in other non-residential areas. The period of setting the light in the street usually takes around 90 days from the date of application.
The built drawings of the street lighting work must be submitted either in AutoCAD or Adobe to the concerned inspector. Now the inspection takes place over the built drawings to check and verify the state of fixing poles.
To equip street light to the pole, it needs to follow the equipment process where it includes bolts and fuses for the proper functioning of a street light. Anchor bolts are generally used for installing roadway lighting in the streets. The fuse holder, as subjected and approved by the government should only be used for fixation in the pole.
Junction boxes usually vary for residential and non-residential zones. Street lighting conduit can have a depth of 24 inches but it should not exceed 36 inches which are behind the curb. The purpose of this measurement is to avoid damages to the trees on the street.
Concrete Mixture and its composition level:
Equal proportions of black and white aggregates are graded to produce enough strength for the fixation. The manufacturer or a contractor can submit one sample of aggregate to the Bureau of street lighting and material contract administration section for the final approval.
Prestressing steels consist of a seven-wire stress-relieved strand. The strand should be fixed in such a way that it properly holds the base reinforcing to the cage based on the supplied type. The longitudinal used should be spirally wrapped around 3.175mm or it may vary, depending upon the load. It should not exceed 6 inches in total.
Alberta government was the one to recognize the need for designing the monopole in future roads, utilities, pipelines under a transportation facility. The growth and development in the past three decades pushed a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial users to the city borders. HTP is used between the line routes to meet electrical demand.
Monopole Project Development:
The Engineers are excited to see the new monopole design of double circuit-500kv, but this faced public scrutiny and objection in the development stage. All of them started to voice out their concerns and thus contested the project work. They decided to get feedback from different boards like school, environment lobbyists, businesses, homeowners, and others. Using their feedback, they added four new options to the project design. In the end, it accounted for a successful monopole construction work for various sectors.
To meet this high load requirement, a triple bundle of 1590 aluminum conductor steel reinforced falcon conductor got selected. The wire and optical grounded wires are used for lighting protection and as a link between the substations. The flat topography is used with two major river crossings to contend the monopole.
The most common type of challenging factor is the local climate. The factors like extreme cold temperature, heavy and wet snow, wind are common in winter. In line with that, summer can result in thunderstorms, extreme gust events like plow winds, downbursts, or tornadoes.
From the accounted project requirements, the double circuit 500kv in a vertical configuration, having a triple bundled falcon conductor, mounted in a tall structure generated extremely high loads. To cut down cost, weight, and size, the team had designed various monopole structures for it. In this monopole design work, it requires three dead-end structures to apply the loads rather than the theoretical design.
Advantages of Monopole Design:
• Wide use in wireless applications
• Easy fabrication
• Omnidirectional radiation
• Wide Bandwidth
Underground Piping Works for High Rise Building:
Piping or Plumbing works are a must for any constructional works. Plumbing systems are the collection of pipes fitted on a building in such a way to provide water to the household purposes. The same can be used for collecting the drains in the form of wastewater. High-rise building construction work may face design as one of the challenges. The major challenge for any high-rise building system is controlling pressure on it. Pressure in plumbing work is a both friend and foe for it. Valves fitted on pipes to raise or lower the pressure in it. However, in high-rise buildings pressure zone acts as a central pressure reducing valve, and the sub-riser is required to meet maximum pressure at a lower level and minimum at a higher level. The same principle is applied in High-Rise Building Construction works.
Drainage, Venting, Vertical Piping, and in Fire Protection Works:
The theory applied in drainage work for high-rise building system shows the air travel downwards with the water flow. Flowing in a vertical pipe, adhere to the sides of the wall to show a pond of water in the cross-sectional area.
Venting is responsible for the flow of air in the drainage piping network because the water raised and used in a pipe is used for venting work in tall buildings.
Vertical Piping is effective when compared to the horizontal ones, It just uses only fewer supports, hangers, inserts, and less horizontal space as a slop to collect drainage.
Fire Protection is generally added to high-rise buildings as it is proven to save one’s life and property easily. This type just needs placement is to fix it. Depending upon the storey, the outlet placement varies.
Materials used for High-rise Building piping works:
• Piping and other fittings must be of standard quality.
• Type L Copper is preferred in high-rise buildings
• Valves for equalizing pressure on either side
• Alarm panels are fixed on every floor of the tall building
All the above civil engineering works should satisfy the standards in terms of quality, material, and design. We will direct you to the right channel based upon your requirement.